Can you live a Normal Life After a Bone Marrow Transplant?

bone marrow transplant cost in india

Some people who have cancer or other blood and bone marrow diseases may need a bone marrow transplant from a healthy, genetically compatible donor to get their blood cells back. The donor donates his/her healthy cells, and the transplant team removes the damaged cells from the patients and replaces them with the donor’s healthy cells. In fact, today, with lots of advancement in the medical field, better genetic matching with donors, and better post-transplant care have made a bone marrow transplant more likely to help people live longer and have better health

What Happens After Bone Marrow Transplant Surgery?

After the transplant, the patient must stay in the hospital for a few weeks to let the new blood cells grow in the bone marrow and make more blood. Moreover, the transplant team will closely monitor the blood count and vital signs. The patient will be kept away from other people in the hospital because of the infection risks.

The length of time a person stays in the hospital depends on:

  • How much chemotherapy or radiation the person has had
  • The type of transplant 
  • The patient hasn’t had any major problems.
  • If the patient has had any mouth sores or diarrhea.
  • Increased hunger
  • Feel weak, and you might vomit, have diarrhea, or not eat.

People who get infections should get medicine to prevent or treat them, such as antibiotics, antifungals, and antiviral medicine.

Because there aren’t enough red blood cells and platelets in your body, patients will need a lot of blood transfusions from time to time. 

How Long Does it Take to Get Better after A Bone Marrow Transplant?

People who have been in the hospital for a long time have to go to an outpatient clinic. This clinic helps doctors track the patient’s progress. Also, they teach the patient how to look for and treat infections, care for your heart transplant central line, and other things.

Besides this, people who get a bone marrow transplant may not get better quickly. Normal blood cell levels and immune function can take 6 to 12 months to return to normal after a sickness. In this time, you should take steps that will help you stay healthy, get a good amount of sleep, take medicine as prescribed, and get checked out by your doctor.

Risks Involved in Bone Marrow Transplantation

When someone gets bone marrow from another person, their body reacts very differently. Many things can affect someone’s long-term prospects, like their age, overall health, and the reason for having the transplant.

In some ways, how far cancer has spread will affect how well a bone marrow transplant works for someone who has been ill for a long time. It takes longer for treatment to work on cancer spread far from its source.

Some of the risks involved in BMT are:

  • Infections
  • Mucositis
  • Graft failure
  • Vomiting, nausea or both
  • Diarrhea
  • Menopause
  • Graft-versus-host-disease
  • Bleeding in lungs, organs, and brain
  • Infertility
  • Organ damage
  • Cataracts
  • Anemia
  • Pain
  • Fever and chills
  • Headaches
  • Shortness of breath
  • Low blood pressure

How Long Can You Live After Getting A BMT?

Because transplants for non-cancerous diseases have a much better chance of functioning, they have a survival rate of 70% to 90% with a matched sibling donor and 36% to 66% with unrelated donors.

Also, patients with acute leukemia who are in remission after a transplant are more likely to live if they have a related donor and less likely to live if the donor is not related.

Autologous bone marrow transplants have helped people with certain types of cancer live longer. They involve transplanting the patient’s own bone marrow from an unaffected bone to a sick bone. These cancers are:

  • Wilms tumor
  • Ewing Sarcoma
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Germ cell tumor

Most people who have the disease go into remission or stay stable have a much better outcome than those who have it later or relapse. Younger people have a better chance of having successful transplants.

When both the donor and the recipient are free of cytomegalovirus (CMV), the chances of survival are better.

Although people who have this surgery have a very high success rate, there are still some risks. These problems may differ from person to person, depending on how old they are.

  • The patient’s age and general health are important things to note.
  • Any underlying disease and its chances of coming back.
  • Having any other kind of medical condition
  • This is a type of transplant.
  • Before the transplant, there are a lot of things to do.
  • The donor’s health

The bone marrow transplant cost in India also depends on the type of hospital you choose and the surgeon’s expertise. If you are looking for a top-notch hospital and experienced surgeon, Lyfboat can help! It will help you get a consultation from experts who will help you throughout your treatment process. To read more about our health blogs, please visit our website.